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EPC and heating regulations change

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New EPC and heating regulations for landlords

From the 1st April 2018 there will be a requirement for any properties rented out in the private rented sector to normally have a minimum energy performance rating of E on an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC). The regulations will come into force for new lets and renewals of tenancies with effect from 1st April 2018 and for all existing tenancies on 1st April 2020.
Separate from but not unrelated in impact the wonderfully entitled Lot 20 of the EU Energy Efficiency Directive which came into force on 1st January 2018. Put simply this means that all space heaters manufactured for sale in the EU and which use electricity, gas or liquid fuels must comply with a minimum efficiency standard. Lot 20 affects:

  • Storage heaters
  • Direct acting heaters
  • Portable heaters
  • Radiant heaters
  • Electric and gas fires
  • Underfloor heating
  • Infra-red heaters.

The aim is to increase efficiency of local space heating. Key to this is in the way in which heaters operation is regulated, meaning increased use of 'intelligent' timers and controls.
This is having a direct impact on what is being sold, purchase costs have increased and in some cases installation costs have also increased. For instance storage heaters meeting Lot 20 requirements have two power feeds (peak and off peak) so replacing an old single off peak supply storage heater will not be so easy. We would note that the 1st January date was for manufacturing, at the time of writing there is no ban on selling pre Lot 20 heaters, nonetheless quite a number of products seem to be no longer available. Effectively stocks are being run down.
The regulations state that combined costs of purchasing and operating the products should not increase so effectively landlords are having to pay more in capital and installation costs whilst tenants make savings (one hopes) in energy consumption.
Whilst Lot 20 is not retrospective it is likely to have an impact when coupled with the EPC change. Landlords with properties with EPCs in the F and G range may have to look at upgrading heating and in doing so are going to have to consider the impact of Lot 20.

Landlords should also read the article on proposed compulsory landlord electrical tests.

For more information on maintenance and testing for rental properties, please contact us on 0845 22 50 495 or email


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